O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) expression in Chilean patients with Glioblastoma multiforme.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) have a five years survival of less than 5%, but the response to chemotherapy with alkylating agents can vary depending on the methylation status of O6 -methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT). Genetic testing has limitations for routine use, while immunohistochemistry (IHC) offers a fast and affordable technique but with heterogeneous results in the literature. Aim: To evaluate MGMT expression by IHC in tumor tissue of Chilean patients with GBM. Material and Methods: Tumor samples of 29 patients with a pathological diagnosis of GBM were studied. We performed IHC staining and manual analysis of positive and negative cells for MGMT expression. A cut-off of at least 10% of cells expressing MGMT was used. Demographic and clinical features of patients were obtained from clinical records. Results: The median number of cells counted per case was 692 (interquartile range [IQR] 492-928). Fifteen cases (52%) were positive for MGMT expression. Median overall survival was 5.3 months (IQR 3.4-12-8). The effect of MGMT expression on the therapeutic response was not studied since only 3 patients received chemotherapy. Conclusions: Our results are similar to international reports, but we were not able to determine the association between MGMT expression and therapeutic response

Jimenez D, Matamala JM, Chiti A, Vergara C, Tissera C, Melo R, Cartier L.

Rev Med Chile 2018; 146: 7-14.

enero 01, 2018

DOI: 10.4067/s0034-98872018000100007

Investigador BNI: Dr. José Manuel Matamala (MD, PhD)