A new model to study cell-to-cell transfer of alpha Synuclein in vivo


Parkinsons disease (PD) compromises motor control due to the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. At the histopathological level, PD is characterized by the accumulation of Lewy bodies, large protein inclusions containing aggregated αSynuclein (αSyn). The progression of PD involves the spreading of αSyn misfolding through the brain mediated by a prion-like mechanism, where the protein is transferred between cells. Here we report that αSyn internalization is a dynamic process, where the protein transits through different sub-cellular compartments. Importantly, cells incorporating αSyn develop larger protein-like inclusions when compared to αSyn producing cells. We developed a new tool to monitor cell-to-cell transfer of αSyn in vivo using an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector expressing αSyn fused to a red fluorescent protein in addition to soluble EGFP to label donor cells. Intra-nigral delivery of this reporter AAV construct allowed the visualization of αSyn incorporation into surrounding neurons. This work provides a new tool to study αSyn cell-to-cell transfer in vivo and may open new opportunities to study PD pathogenesis.

Mercado G., Lopez N., Martínez A., Sardi P., Hetz C.

Biochemical And Biophysical Research Communications (Biochem Biophys Res Commun.)

septiembre 12, 2018

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.07.053

Investigador BNI: ,